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Wednesday, 29 September 2010

WSPU and Prison

By 1905 the media had lost interest in the struggle for women's rights. Newspapers rarely reported meetings and usually refused to publish articles and letters written by supporters of women's suffrage. In 1905 the WSPU decided to use different methods to obtain the publicity they thought would be needed in order to obtain the vote.

On 13th October 1905, Christabel Pankhurst and Annie Kenney attended a meeting in London to hear Sir Edward Grey, a minister in the British government. When Grey was talking, the two women constantly shouted out, "Will the Liberal Government give votes to women?" When the women refused to stop shouting the police were called to evict them from the meeting.

Pankhurst and Kenney refused to leave and during the struggle a policeman claimed the two women kicked and spat at him. Pankhurst and Kenney were arrested and charged with assault.
Christabel Pankhurst and Annie Kenney were found guilty of assault and fined five shillings each. Kenney and Pankhurst were found guilty of assault and fined five shillings each. When the women refused to pay the fine they were sent to prison. The case shocked the nation. For the first time in Britain women had used violence in an attempt to win the vote.

This was only the start to the story. The following members of the WSPU were later imprisoned for their actions.

Constance Lytton

Edith Mansell Moullin

Kitty Marion

Dora Marsden

Charlotte Marsh

Christabel Marshall

Hannah Mitchell

Dora Montefiore

Flora Murray

Adela Pankhurst

Christabel Pankhurst

Emmeline Pankhurst

Sylvia Pankhurst

Elsie Howey

Edith How-Martyn

Gladice Keevil

Annie Kenney

Jessie Kenney

Aeta Lamb

Mary Leigh

Victoria Lidiard

Charlotte Despard

Elsie Duval

Helen Fraser

Mary Gawthorpe

Margaret Haig Thomas

Vera Holme

Hilda Brackenbury

Georgina Brackenbury

Marie Brackenbury

Laura Ainsworth

Louisa Garrett Anderson

Rachel Barrett

Jane Brailsford

Mary Clarke

Clara Codd

Helen Crawfurd

Emily Wilding Davison

Mary Phillips

Emmeline Pethick-Lawrence

Mary Richardson

Elizabeth Robins

Grace Roe

Evelyn Sharp

Ethel Smyth

Marion Wallace-Dunlop

Helen Kirkpatrick Watts

Vera Wentworth

Tuesday, 28 September 2010

Spartacus Educational and British Cartoonists

For a long time I have had a keen interest in the work of political cartoonists. I especially like the work of Will Dyson and David Low.

You can find my latest updates here:

Bruce Bairnsfather

Henry Mayo Bateman

Lewis Baumer

George Belcher

Cyril Bird (Fougasse)

Henry Matthew Brock

Michael Cummings

James H. Dowd

Will Dyson

James Friell (Gabriel)

Harry Furniss

Carl Giles

Frank Horrabin

Leslie Illingworth

Alfred Leete

David Low

Savile Lumley

Norman Mansbridge

Phil May

George Morrow

William Orpen

Frederick Pegram

Leonard Raven-Hill

Ralph Sallon

Frank Reynolds

Wyndham Robinson

Ernest Shepard

Robert Sherriffs

George Stampa

Sidney Strube

Edmund Sullivan

Bert Thomas

Frederick Henry Townsend

Victor Weisz (Vicky)

George Whitelaw

Jack Butler Yeats

Philip Zec

Friday, 10 September 2010

David Cameron and Andy Coulson

The strangest aspect of the News of the World phone-hacking case was why did David Cameron employ Andy Coulson as his Director of Communications, only six months after he was forced to resign because of the strong suspicion that he had ordered journalists to hack the phones of politicians. This straight away illustrated that Cameron was willing to engage in dirty tricks in order to win the next election. This was in direct contrast to the image that Cameron wanted to create of himself at the time. Why was he willing to tarnish his image with this appointment?

Could it be that Cameron had no choice in the matter? Is Cameron being blackmailed by Coulson? I suspect that the private detectives employed by Coulson were not only getting information for the News of the World but was also getting the dirt on Labour MPs for Conservative Party headquarters. If that is the case, can you imagine what impact this would have on the public if this information came out in court.

This theory became even more credible with the news yesterday that the only Tory on the phone hacking list was Boris Johnson. Cameron was at Eton with Johnson and the two have been deadly rivals ever since. Cameron believes that Johnson has the potential to challenge him for the leadership of the party.

Evidence that the government is rattled by the Coulson story was the announcement made by George Osborne of 4bn extra welfare cuts. This was not even discussed with other members of the cabinet. The only reason for the announcement was to take the Coulson story off the front pages. It did but this is a story that will not go away. Although it is extremely unlikely that Cameron will ever be named as being one of those who commissioned the phone hacking, it will do him long-term damage and will definitely tarnish his image as “Mr. Clean”.

Thursday, 9 September 2010

Stanley Spencer

After completing the Sandham Memorial Chapel the artist, Stanley Spencer and his young family moved to Lindworth, a house in Cookham. However, it was not a happy marriage and her passionate Christian Science principles seriously impaired their sex life. During this period Spencer became friendly with Patricia Preece who lived in Cookham with her friend and sexual partner Dorothy Hepworth. Hilda's refusal to accede to demands for a ménage à trois demanded by Spencer forced her eventually to file for a divorce which was granted on 25th May 1937.

Spencer married Preece four days later. They never lived together and according to Tee A. Corinne: "Spencer went into debt giving Preece money, clothing, and jewelry... Spencer then married Preece, but when he attempted to consummate the marriage, Preece immediately fled to Hepworth. Although Spencer and Preece never lived together as man and wife, they never divorced." Although the marriage was unconsummated, it did produce some remarkable nude portraits including Nude: Patricia Preece (1935), Self Portrait with Patricia Preece (1936) and Double Nude Portrait: the Artist and his Second Wife (1937).

You can see the Patricia Preece paintings here: